Capital of Zamorins

A great seaport in Olden days. Kozhikode district is well placed on the south west coast of India. Bounded on the north by Kannur district, on the east by Wayanad district, on the south by Malappuram district and on the west by the Arabian sea, it is situated between North latitudes 11* 08'.

The place boasts of extreme beauty mixed with chips of natural and lush greenery that tend to soothe your nerves. The district covers a coastal length of 80kms. 

Once the capital of the powerful Zamorins and a prominent trade and commerce centre, Kozhikode was the most important region of Malabar in the days gone by. 

Today, lush green country sides, serene beaches, historic sites, wildlife sanctuaries, rivers, hills, a unique culture and a warm friendly ambience made Kozhikode a popular destination. 

The place won hands down as a successful trading centre for the spices in the medieval period. The land was earlier in the clutches of the Zamorin dynasty, efficiently managed. 

Vasco Da Gama, who set his foot on the soil of Kappad, has marked the place in the world history with the discovery of the sea route to India. 

In the prehistoric times, the rock cut caves existed almost everywhere in the district of Calicut. The Sangam age saw the merger of the district with the Chera Empire. Tondi, was then, one of the most flourishing sea ports of Kerala. 

The post-Sangam age is believed to be an unraveled mystery called the Dark Age. The 19th century witnessed Calicut forming a part of the second Chera Empire. 

The latter, also known as the Perumals saw their fall soon, resulting in the division of the Empire into several small districts, called Nadus (Ernad and Polanad). Calicut was dominated by the Polatthiris (rulers of Poland). The King of Ernad then lay his hands on Polanad making Calicut an important town. 

The Udaiyavar of Ernad, Nediyiruppu being the headquarters then, indulged into a massive battle with the Polatthiri Kings and after 48 long years merciless killings, the area around Ponniankara was conquered. The patience of the king paid and he built a fort at Velapuram.

 This was the base to the formation of the city of Calicut, read 13th century AD. The significance of Nediyiruppu got a sudden boost and the Udaiyavar was then named, Swami Nambiyathiri Thirumulpad. Over the years, he came to be known as Samuri or Samuthiri yet the Europeans called him Zamorin. 

The Kovil (palace) Kotta (fort) bracketed the fort, which was hence called Kozhikode. It then possessed probably more names than the God, called Kalikat, Kalifo, Calicut.....

It stressed it stronghold to become a mighty seaport, with excellent administration, powerful security management and the most-needed co-operation of the subjects. Calicut thus formed the core trade centre in the Malabar region.  

Pazhassiraja Museum and Art Gallery 

On display here are copies of ancient murals, antique bronzes, old coins, excavated earthenware, models of temples, megalithic monuments like dolmonoid cysts, umbrella stones etc. 

Adjacent to the museum is the Art Gallery which exhibits and excellent collection of paintings by Raja Ravi Varma and Raja Raja Varma.


Krishna Menon Museum

This museum has an exclusive wing dedicated to the late V L Krishna Menon, renowned statesman. His personal belongings and souvenirs are displayed here.



This unique museum houses the tools and devices used by the ancient tribal communities of Kerala. A good library with books on Anthropology and Sociology is an added attraction.

Regional Science Centre

Situated on the same compound as the planetarium, the Regional Science Centre is an eye opener into the amazing and exciting dimensions of Science.



This picturesque damsite, teeming with exotic wildlife, offers excellent trekking and rock climbing opportunities. The best time to visit is between November and April.

Mananchira Maidan

The palace tank of King Mana-Vikrama is an architectural wonder. The musical fountain inside the maidan and the meticulously landscaped lawns surrounded by traditional buildings in the Kerala style, fascinate visitors.

Kappad Beach

This is the historic beach where Vasco da Gama landed on the 27th of May 1498, with 170 men in three vessels. A monument on the beach commemorates this historic event. 

The rock studded beach is locally known as Kappakdavu. An interesting feature of the landscape is the sprawling rock that protrudes into the sea. The temple on the rock is believed to be 800 years old.


As the name suggests, land and water have struck an extraordinary kinship here. Famous for its trekking tracks, Tusharagiri is located near Vythiri in Wayanad. 

Trekkers start early morning from the second waterfall and climb uphill through the pristine, dense evergreen forests populated with exotic birds and wildlife to reach Vythiri by evening. 

Tusharagiri also abounds in rubber, areca nut, pepper, ginger and spice plantations. 


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